Sperm counts are decreasing in most western nations but non-pharmacologic remedies may help. For several decades, researchers have known that sperm quality and fertility rates have been in decline in most Western nations. According to a 2017 study, between 1973 and 2011 the average sperm count in North America, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand dropped by 59.3%.
Despite studies identifying the problem, the reasons for this decline and ways to reliably reverse still need more research.
Ways to increase sperm count naturally
Sperm count or total sperm count refers to the average total number of sperm present in one sample of semen. Sperm count is one of the several qualities that are assessed during routine semen analysis and is considered an important factor for fertility. Based on the most current World Health Organisation guidelines, a healthy sperm count is 15 million per millilitre (ml) or at least 39 million per sample. A sperm count lower than 10 million per ml is considered abnormal and commonly associated with male infertility. Anything that impacts the hormones that control the production of sperm or acts as an anti-oxidant may aid the healthy development of sperm and help improve sperm count. Overall, factors that influence testosterone levels are thought to have the most significant impact on sperm number and quality.
Fast facts on how to increase sperm count:
• Exercise, eating habits, stress control and sleep have been shown to improve sperm count.
• The first recommended line of treatment is to try non-pharmacologic remedies.
• Smoking has long been known to reduce overall health,sperm production, and quality.
Natural ways to increase sperm count include: Exercise and sleep
Several studies have shown that weight loss and exercise in obese and overweight individuals can lead to improved or increased sperm counts. However, the science linking a healthy Body Mass Index (BMI) to a healthy sperm
count is still weak. A 2017 study found that performing a 16 week aerobic exercise programme of at least 50 minutes of moderate exercise at 50 to 65% peak heart rate 3 times weekly, increased sperm volume and concentration in 45 sedentary, obese men. Learn more about a better sleep: http://go.shr.lc/2AKUnAf
A healthful diet and exercise may help to reduce stress. Any form of stress can cause the body to take defensive actions and conserve energy. In times of distress, it makes biological sense for the body to become less concerned with reproduction and more focused on surviving. Reducing stress requires addressing the cause: http://go.shr.lc/2xRimK6
Increase intake of antioxidant-rich foods
Antioxidants are molecules that help remove and deactivate free radicals and other compounds that damage cells. Several vitamins and minerals have shown to act as antioxidants, and several studies have linked antioxidant consumption with increased sperm count.Antioxidants that may contribute to a healthy sperm count include:
• vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
• vitamin E
• coenzyme Q10
These antioxidants are best eaten in whole foods, as only the natural combination of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, phytochemical’s and fibre within a wholefood product, guarantees optimal absorption and usage of the nutrients. Talk to a nutritionist: http://go.shr.lc/2kyOGyn
Increase healthy fat intake
Polyunsaturated fats or so-called healthy fats, such as Omega 3 and Omega 6, are crucial to the healthy development of the sperm membrane. Some studies have shown that individuals should consume these two essential Omega compounds in equal quantities for ideal sperm development and antioxidant benefits.
Reduce unhealthy fat intake
A 2014 study that surveyed 209 healthy Spanish men between the ages of 18 to 23 years of age found that as they increased their consumption of trans fatty acids, their sperm count decreased proportionately. Several studies have also shown that trans fatty acids may impair the ability of long chain polyunsaturated fats to incorporate into sperm membranes, a critical step in sperm development.
Get enough vitamin D and calcium
Researchers are not entirely sure why, but vitamin D and calcium serum appear to impact sperm health. Some studies have shown that low dietary vitamin D intake seems to correspond with lowered sperm count.
Avoid soy in foods
Soy products contain phytoestrogens (plant oestrogen), compounds shown to reduce testosterone bonding and sperm production. Many canned and plastic products are also high in synthetic forms of oestrogen. Get enough folate and zinc
Consuming folate and zinc in combination has been shown in limited studies to increase overall sperm health, including sperm concentration or total count.
Foods to improve sperm count
Though supplements are considered a safe way to get the recommended daily intake of most vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, the body does not always easily absorb them.Most studies suggest that eating foods rich in specific compounds and chemicals allows the body to use them more efficiently. So the best way to increase sperm count naturally may be to increase the consumption of foods high in sperm-friendly nutrients. Talk to a nutritionist: http://go.shr.lc/2kyOGyn
Foods high in sperm count boosting nutrients include:
• citrus fruits
• whole wheat and grains
• most fish, especially wild salmon, cod, and haddock
• most shellfish, especially oysters
• organic eggs
• dark chocolate (70% cacao plus)
• most leafy greens, especially spinach and kale
• fermented nuts and seeds
A 2016 study reviewing the results of over 20 different studies with a total of nearly 6,000 participants found smoking consistently reduced sperm count.
Avoid excessive alcohol use and drugs
The number of studies exploring the link between sperm health and drugs is limited given ethical considerations. However, some researchers have linked the worldwide use of drugs such as alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine to decreased sperm production.
Avoid several prescription medications
Some prescription medications can potentially decrease the healthy production of sperm. Once a person stops taking the drug, his sperm count should return to normal or increase.Medications that temporarily reduce the production and development of sperm include:
• some antibiotics
• anabolic steroids (up to 1 year recovery time)
• exogenous (outside) testosterone
Fenugreek has long been used as a natural remedy for poor sperm health, and advocates suggest it may improve sperm count. A 2017 study found that some nutraceuticals which are developed from fenugreek seeds, significantly improved overall semen quality and sperm count. Learn more here: http://go.shr.lc/2iLBrdK
Ashwagandha, also known as Indian ginseng, has long been used in traditional medicines as a remedy for several forms of sexual dysfunction. A 2016 study found that 46 men with low sperm counts who took 675 milligrams (mg) of Ashwagandha daily for 90 days saw a 167 percent increase in sperm count. Learn more here: http://go.shr.lc/2iNuZ5P
Avoid or limit exposure to environmental or occupational toxins and contaminants
As the environment and atmosphere become increasingly polluted and congested, environmental factors, such as air quality and toxic chemical exposure, have frequently been linked to reduced sperm health and total count. Avoiding environmental toxins wherever possible also contributes to overall health.
Judith Coulson is a Certified Corporate Wellness Specialist, Positive Psychology and Nutrition & Lifestyle Coach, working with individuals, executive teams, schools and companies based in Thailand, Hong Kong and Singapore. Judith@corporate-wellness.asia